20 Fundamental Beliefs Every Christian Must Embrace

SharePinEmailChristianity is unified by several core beliefs that form the heart of the faith. These fundamental tenets are embraced across the globe and provide a shared foundation despite differences in tradition and practice. Let’s examine these central principles and shed fresh light on what unites the followers of Christ. The Trinity At the very heart…

Christianity is unified by several core beliefs that form the heart of the faith. These fundamental tenets are embraced across the globe and provide a shared foundation despite differences in tradition and practice. Let’s examine these central principles and shed fresh light on what unites the followers of Christ.

The Trinity

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At the very heart of Christianity is the doctrine of the Trinity. Christians believe in one God who exists in three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This mystery is crucial to understanding God’s nature and His relationship with humanity. The Trinity emphasizes the unity and diversity within God’s being, providing a profound foundation for Christian worship and theology.

The Incarnation

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The Incarnation is the belief that Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, took on human flesh. Christians celebrate this miraculous event at Christma and commemorate the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem. The Incarnation reveals God’s willingness to enter into human history, experiencing life as a human being in order to redeem and restore humanity.

The Atonement

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Atonement refers to the reconciling work of Jesus Christ. Christians believe that through His crucifixion and resurrection, Jesus paid the penalty for sin and restored the broken relationship between God and humanity. This act of sacrificial love is remembered and celebrated most particularly during Holy Week and Easter.

The Resurrection

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Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion, conquering death and offering the promise of eternal life to all who believe. The resurrection is not only a historical event but also a present reality that gives hope and assurance to Christians in times of great despair and suffering.

Salvation by Grace Through Faith

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One of the defining concepts of Christianity is that salvation is a gift from God, received through faith in Jesus Christ. Christians hold that no amount of good works can earn salvation; it’s solely by God’s grace. This underscores the importance of faith and trust in God’s promises, as articulated in scripture.

The Authority of Scripture

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Christians regard the Bible as the inspired and authoritative word of God. It’s the primary source of revelation about God’s character, will, and purposes. The Bible guides Christians in their faith and practice, providing wisdom, instruction, and encouragement. Regular reading and study are vital aspects of Christian life.

The Church

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Christians believe that the Church is the body of Christ on earth, called to worship God, grow in faith, and serve others, and as such, it plays a crucial role in fostering spiritual growth, providing fellowship, and spreading the message of the Gospel.

The Second Coming of Christ

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Christians look forward to the Second Coming as an event that will mark the fulfillment of God’s plan for history, bringing about the final judgment and the establishment of God’s eternal kingdom. The hope of Christ’s return encourages Christians to live faithfully and expectantly.

The Holy Spirit’s Role

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The Holy Spirit is understood to be actively involved in the life of every Christian. Christians hold that the Holy Spirit dwells inside believers, guiding, empowering, and sanctifying them. The Spirit’s presence is experienced in various ways, including through spiritual gifts, prayer, and the fruits of the Spirit such as love, joy, and peace.


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Baptism is a significant sacrament in Christianity, symbolizing the believer’s identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It’s an outward expression of an inward faith and a public declaration of commitment to Christ, and its importance is universally recognized.

The Lord’s Supper

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Also known as Communion or the Eucharist, the Lord’s Supper is a sacred practice that commemorates Jesus’ Last Supper with his disciples. Christians partake in bread and wine (or juice) as symbols of Jesus’ body and blood, and to remember his sacrifice and celebrate the new covenant established through His death.

The Great Commandment

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Christians are called to live out the Great Commandment, which is to love God with all their heart, soul, mind, and strength, and to love their neighbor as themselves. This commandment encapsulates the ethical and moral framework of Christian life, emphasizing charity, compassion, and service.

The Great Commission

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The Great Commission refers to Jesus’ instruction to His disciples to go and make disciples of all nations. Such a mission of spreading the Gospel and baptizing believers is integral to Christian identity and purpose. It underscores the importance of evangelism and global outreach in the life of the Church.


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Prayer is a fundamental practice in Christianity and a vital means of communication with God. Christians believe that through prayer, they can express their adoration, confession, thanksgiving, and supplication. Prayer is both a personal and communal activity, instilling a deeper reliance on God’s presence and power.


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Forgiveness is a key theme in Christian teaching. Christians believe that through Jesus, they receive forgiveness of sins and are called to forgive others. This principle of forgiveness promotes reconciliation, healing, and peace, reflecting God’s gracious character.

Eternal Life

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Jesus Christ assures His disciples of life after death, spent in the presence of God, and this promise still provides hope and comfort for many Christians today, especially in the face of mortality and loss.

Social Justice

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Inspired by the teachings of Jesus to care for the marginalized and oppressed, Christians are deeply committed to social justice. Rooted in the belief that all people are made in the image of God and deserve dignity and respect, they advocate for justice, equality, and compassion in society.

Christian Unity

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Despite the diversity within Christianity, there’s a strong emphasis on unity among believers. Christians are encouraged to work towards unity in faith and practice, reflecting Jesus’ prayer for His followers to be one. This unity is expressed through ecumenical movements and interdenominational cooperation.

The Apostles’ Creed

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The Apostles’ Creed is an ancient statement that succinctly summarizes Christianity’s most important beliefs. It’s recited in many churches as a declaration of faith, affirming the central doctrines of Christianity and fostering a sense of shared identity among believers.

Living Out Faith

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Ultimately, Christianity is not just about beliefs but also about living out those beliefs in everyday life. Christians strive to embody the teachings of Jesus in their actions, relationships, and decisions. This holistic approach to faith impacts every aspect of life, from personal conduct to community involvement.

Christianity’s core principles provide a solid foundation for the faith, guiding and inspiring believers in their spiritual journey. As revealed by Scripture and tradition, they continue to shape the lives of millions, offering hope, purpose, and direction.

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