18 Essential Facts About Jesus Christ You Might Not Know

SharePinEmailEveryone knows the name “Jesus Christ”, but who exactly was he? What do historical figures say about him and the prolific life he led? Here are 18 facts that you need to know. Jesus Christ Was Real Most historians agree that Jesus was real and did exist. He is referred to as “Jesus of Nazareth”…

Everyone knows the name “Jesus Christ”, but who exactly was he? What do historical figures say about him and the prolific life he led? Here are 18 facts that you need to know.

Jesus Christ Was Real

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Most historians agree that Jesus was real and did exist. He is referred to as “Jesus of Nazareth” and lived in the early 1st century after being born to Mary and Joseph.

He Was Born in Bethlehem

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The Christian faith holds that Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem. However, this is not a story from the Bible and did happen. Jesus was born in Bethlehem during the reign of King Herod. This information is recorded in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke.

He lived in Nazareth

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Jesus of Nazareth was given his name after the village where he lived. He lived in Nazareth, part of the Galilee region, and stayed there for the majority of His life.

Nazareth Was Occupied by the Romans

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Throughout the Bible, we are told that Jesus Christ was born a Jew, yet was executed by the Romans. So how does this make sense? At the time of Jesus, Nazareth was a Roman-occupied area of Judea. The Romans allowed Judaism to be practiced and often showed Judaism a level of respect that other religions did not receive. There were, however, still periods of conflict between the Romans and the Jews.

Jesus Had Siblings

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The Gospels of the Bible refer to Jesus having siblings. He is said to have four brothers named James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, along with sisters. We are not told of his sisters’ names. The Christian faith does not openly admit that these individuals were blood siblings of Jesus Christ. Firstly, we are taught that Jesus Christ is the son of God, not the biological son of Joseph. Secondly, we are taught that Mary remained virginal and therefore assume that she never conceived traditionally.

Jesus Spoke Aramaic

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Historians believe that Jesus Christ spoke the Aramaic language, a common language in his locality at the time. It is also possible that he spoke some Greek as well as Hebrew.

Jesus Was Baptized at the age of Thirty

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History tells us that Jesus was baptized in the River Jordan at the age of thirty. John the Baptist, Jesus’ cousin through His mother’s family, performed the ceremony. The baptism is recorded in the Gospels, specifically Matthew, Mark, and Luke. We are told that as Jesus rose from the water, the Holy Spirit appeared as a dove, and a voice from heaven bellows, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

Jesus Began His Ministry at Age Thirty

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Jesus Christ’s official ministry began at the age of thirty after he had been baptized. He began to travel to spread the word of God, teaching communities about love, forgiveness, and repentance.

The Sermon on the Mount

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The first significant teaching of Jesus Christ was the Sermon on the Mount. Featured in the Gospel of Matthew, we are taught that Jesus delivered a series of teachings and instructions to a large crowd on the mountainside next to the Sea of Galilee.

The Beatitudes

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A famous introduction to the Sermon on the Mount includes the Beatitudes. In the Beatitudes, Jesus instructs His followers on the qualities their character should possess, including mercy, humility, and righteousness.

Jesus Had Twelve Apostles

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Jesus had twelve apostles who followed him as He performed his ministry. The names of his apostles are Simon Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot.

Jesus Challenged Authority

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At the time of Jesus’ life, Nazareth was under Roman rule but the Jewish religious leaders also possessed a degree of control. Both the Romans and the Jews considered Jesus to be a heretic, particularly once Jesus had challenged them on their corruption, greed, and hypocrisy. 

The Last Supper

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During the Last Supper, Jesus ate his last meal before his ultimate crucifixion. During this meal, he ate with his disciples and provided what we now know as Holy Communion where the bread and the wine become the body and the blood of Jesus Christ.

Jesus Was Betrayed

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One of Jesus Christ’s apostles betrayed him. This was Judas Iscariot. Judas had informed the Romans of Jesus’ location in exchange for a sum of money. This led to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

Jesus Was Tried in a Jewish Court

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Once Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, some people think he was tried by Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor at the time. However, Jesus was tried by the Jewish religious court first, known as the Sanhedrin.

The Jews Gave Jesus to the Romans

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Once Jesus was tried in the Jewish religious court, he was given to the Romans by the Jews. Both the Romans and the Jews thought Jesus was a heretic and a troublemaker and so both sides had a hand in his destruction.

Crucifixion

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Jesus Christ was crucified on the cross. This method of execution was performed by the Romans and was a common method used for slaves and criminals. He was crucified at a location just outside of Jerusalem around the year 33 AD. After Jesus had been crucified, a wealthy Jewish man called Joseph of Arimathea asked Pontius Pilate if he could take Jesus’ body, which he did.

Burial Site

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Historians and theologians both agree that Jesus Christ was buried in a tomb. The tomb was owned by a man called Joseph of Arimathea who was a wealthy Jewish man and also a member of the Jewish religious council, the Sanhedrin. Some historians think that Joseph of Arimathea was a secret disciple of Jesus Christ and had not consented to the Sanhedrin’s decision to give Jesus to the Romans. Along with another secret disciple, Nicodemus, the men wrapped Jesus’ body in a linen cloth and anointed him with spices before laying him in the tomb.

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